Archidamus proposed drawing out diplomatic efforts at reconciliation in order to buy time for preparations. Pericles intended to draw citizens inside the protective walls to wait out the Spartan advance.
Early Spartan attempts to break up the coalition failed, and the leadership of the Spartan king Agis was called into question. Athens stretched their military activities into Boeotia and Aetoliaand began fortifying posts around the Peloponnese.
This was a direct violation of the Thirty Years' Peace, which had among other things stipulated that the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League would respect each other's autonomy and internal affairs.
Corinth and Thebes demanded that Athens should be destroyed and all its citizens should be enslaved. Sicilian Expedition Sicily and the Peloponnesian War In the 17th year of the war, word came to Athens that one of their distant allies in Sicily was under attack from Syracuse.
When troops attack cities, their strength will be exhausted. In the battle, the Athenians obliterated the Spartan fleet, and succeeded in re-establishing the financial basis of the Athenian Empire.
At the start of the war, the Athenians had prudently put aside some money and ships that were to be used only as a last resort. Pericles, though moribund, heard them and interrupted them, pointing out that they forgot to mention his fairest and greatest title to their admiration; "for", said he, "no living Athenian ever put on mourning because of me".
While the Spartans refrained from action themselves, some of their allies began to talk of revolt. As Pericles presents it, the greatness of Athens has been purchased by their ancestors through work and war.
They were supported in this by Argos, a powerful state within the Peloponnese that had remained independent of Lacedaemon. These sanctions, known as the Megarian decreewere largely ignored by Thucydidesbut some modern economic historians have noted that forbidding Megara to trade with the prosperous Athenian empire would have been disastrous for the Megarans, and have accordingly considered the decree to be a contributing factor in bringing about the war.
Morrison, proposed that he may have been a charismatic public face acting as an advocate on the proposals of advisors, or the people themselves. In the final stages of the preparations for departure, the hermai religious statues of Athens were mutilated by unknown persons, and Alcibiades was charged with religious crimes.
Being always cautious, he never undertook of his own accord a battle involving much uncertainty and peril and he did not accede to the "vain impulses of the citizens".
Through cunning strategy, Lysander totally defeated the Athenian fleet, in BC, at the Battle of Aegospotamidestroying ships and capturing some three or four thousand Athenian sailors.
The campaign culminated in disaster; the besieging force was defeated and destroyed. The Athenian force consisted of over ships and some 5, infantry and light-armored troops. During the same period, Pericles proposed the Megarian Decreewhich resembled a modern trade embargo.
Athens was then victorious at the naval battle of Arginusae. After a time, though, Athens' influence began to dominate the other city-states. Archidamus did not suppose that he could match the Athenian Navy, however, no matter how many new allies Sparta courted.
The democrats at Samos, loyal to the bitter last, held on slightly longer, and were allowed to flee with their lives. He also persuaded the Athenian fleet to attack the Spartans at the battle of Cyzicus in The Athenians crushed the revolt, and peace was maintained.
Alcibiades was not re-elected general by the Athenians and he exiled himself from the city.Pericles of Athens and Archidamus of Sparta devised net assessments that both believed would provide strategies that would bring victory and peace for their respective states.
This essay will show that Archidamus did a better job of net assessment prior to the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. A. - Peloponnesian War Strategies "Just before the Peloponnesian War began, Pericles of Athens and King Archidamus of Sparta provided net assessments of the comparative strengths and.
The Peloponnesian War (– BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. In the first phase, the Archidamian War, Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica, while.
Pericles made his first military excursions during the First Peloponnesian War, which was caused in part by Athens' alliance with Megara and Argos and the subsequent reaction of Sparta.
In BC he attacked Sicyon and Acarnania. . between Athens and Sparta, inaugurating the Archidamian age of the Peloponnesian War in B.C.
(named for the Spartan King Archidamus). Pericles, the man integral in the Athenian decision to fight, only fought during this. Hostilities were not resumed, however, and the First Peloponnesian War concluded with a treaty which established limits to the reach of both Athens and Sparta.
Aspasia & the Funeral Oration Throughout the war, Pericles was engaged in various cultural initiatives in Athens which brought him into regular contact with the leading intellectuals of.Download