Society must protect the robbed and punish the robber. I doubt that you would so quickly commend the policemen if you were to observe their ugly and inhumane treatment of Negroes here in the city jail; if you were to watch them push and curse old Negro women and young Negro girls; if you were to see them slap and kick old Negro men and young boys; if you were to observe them, as they did on two occasions, refuse to give us food because we wanted to sing our grace together.
But be assured that my tears have been tears of love. The campaign used nonviolent but intentionally confrontational tactics, developed in part by Rev. I would agree with St. The Negro has many pent up resentments and latent frustrations, and he must release them. As had happened in Montgomery, violence followed the concessions.
We readily consented, and when the hour came we lived up to our promise. With regard to the tactics of nonviolent civil disobedience to which King subscribed, he noted the failure of passivity and common conceptions of humanity to address the legitimate grievances that brought him to Birmingham.
For years now I have heard the word "Wait! Never again can we afford to live with the narrow, provincial "outside agitator" idea. Yes, I love the church. I am not unmindful of the fact that each of you has taken some significant stands on this issue.
Isn't negotiation a better path? In the course of the negotiations, certain promises were made by the merchants--for example, to remove the stores' humiliating racial signs. King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Over and over I have found myself asking: Consciously or unconsciously, he has been caught up by the Zeitgeist, and with his black brothers of Africa and his brown and yellow brothers of Asia, South America and the Caribbean, the United States Negro is moving with a sense of great urgency toward the promised land of racial justice.
Will we be extremists for the preservation of injustice or for the extension of justice? One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.
I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals merely with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes.
So often it is an archdefender of the status quo. First, I must confess that over the past few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate.
After Albany, King sought to choose engagements for the SCLC in which he could control the circumstances, rather than entering into pre-existing situations. In spite of my shattered dreams, I came to Birmingham with the hope that the white religious leadership of this community would see the justice of our cause and, with deep moral concern, would serve as the channel through which our just grievances could reach the power structure.
When King first visited on December 15,he "had planned to stay a day or so and return home after giving counsel. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. Let me take note of my other major disappointment. We had no alternative except to prepare for direct action, whereby we would present our very bodies as a means of laying our case before the conscience of the local and the national community.
You may well ask: Will we be extremists for hate or for love? Their witness has been the spiritual salt that has preserved the true meaning of the gospel in these troubled times.
I have a dream today. If I have said anything in this letter that overstates the truth and indicates an unreasonable impatience, I beg you to forgive me.King was finally released from jail on April 20, four days after penning the letter.
Despite the harsh treatment he and his fellow protestors had. Letter From Birmingham Jail 1 A U G U S T 1 9 6 3 Letter from Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr. From the Birmingham jail, where he was imprisoned as a participant in nonviolent demonstrations against segregation, Dr.
The document available for viewing above is from an early draft of the Letter, while the audio is from King’s reading of the Letter later. Letter From a Birmingham Jail | The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute.
The letter from the Birmingham jail In Birmingham, Alabama, in the spring ofKing’s campaign to end segregation at lunch counters and in hiring practices drew nationwide attention when police turned dogs and fire hoses on the demonstrators. Letter From Birmingham Jail study guide contains a biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
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Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, – April 4, ) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from until his death inDownload